Social Problems In Usa Essay

This event is organized by the Graduate Assembly, University of California, Berkeley. This event took place on February 2, 1986, at Booth Auditorium, Boalt Hall, University of California, Berkeley. An exchange of views and a discussion on affirmative action between Charles Murray, Senior Research Fellow at the Manhattan Institute for Policy Research, New York, and Ronald Takaki, Professor of Ethnic Studies at the University of California, Berkeley. Video/C 1409

Affirmative Action Panel, UCB, 1995.
Contents: The impact of affirmative action on the University of California, Berkeley (105 min.) -- Affirmative action: Where do we go from here? (45 min.) A program designed to educate and inform the University community and the general public about the past, present and future of affirmative action policy and its impact on the University of California, Berkeley. 150 min. Video/C 4266 Pt. 1-2

Affirmative Action: The History of an Idea
Explores the historical roots of affimative action and the current debate over its usefulness. Looks at several different affirmative action programs including the Univ. of California, Berkeley, the U.S. Army, federal aid to minority businesses, and affirmative action in the Chicago Police Dept. Includes archival footage and features interviews with a wide array of academic scholars. 1996. 56 min. Video/C 4999

Beyond Black and White: Affirmative Action in America
All sides in the affirmative action debate say that they believe in the Constitutional right to equality regarding race, creed and sex, but they bring very different interpretations to what that means. A distinguished panel of experts discuss this issue.

Moderator: Charles J. Ogletree; panelists: Ward Connerly, Angela Walker, Ruth J. Simmons, Ann Coulter, Frank D. Riggs, Ann F. Lewis, Antonia Hernandez, Suzan Shown Harjo, Diane Chin, Robert L. Woodson, Sr., Christopher Edley, Jr., Judge Jon O. Newman, John R. Strangfeld, Tamar Jacoby, Lt. Gen. Julius W. Becton, Jr. c2000. 60 min. Video/C 7331

The Constitution--That Delicate Balance, Part 12: Affirmative Action versus Reverse Discrimination.
Presents viewpoints of leaders from government, media and the legal profession on a hypothetical case regarding the application of affirmative action to a university faculty tenure decision. c1983. 60 min. Video/C 6991

Legislating Morality: Affirmative Action and the Burden of History
Explores whether affirmative action promotes racial balance, or fights discrimination of the past with reverse discrimination in the present. Featured in the program are Roy Innis, Chairman of the Congress on Racial Equality; Ward Connerly, Regent of the University of California and Charles Willie, professor of Education at Harvard. 1996. 29 min. DVD 2141

Skin Deep.
A diverse group of college students reveal their honestfeelings and attitudes about race and racism. Students from 3 major universities are interviewed alone on topics including the climate toward talking about race on campus, self separation of ethnic groups, discrimination, affirmative action policies and individual responsibility for change. Concludes with a diverse group of 23 students from 6 major American universities who spent 3 days together to collectively challenge one another with dialogue focusing on such topics as the concept of individual responsibility, feeling separated from each other, wanting others to understand and what can be done to move awareness to action. c1995. 53 min. Video/C 4055

Reading, Writing and Race.
This program looks at the impact of affirmative action admissions policies, speech codes, and race relations on the campus of the University of California, Berkeley. Includes drama students enacting plays about racial conflicts and intolerance on campus. The film also examines the debate in California over a series of social studies textbooks which are under fire from critics, who charge that they do not adequately reflect California's multicultural heritage. 1991. 60 min. Video/C 6790

Shattering the Silences
Documentary explores issues of faculty diversity in American higher education in the mid-1990s, focusing on the professional and personal experiences of eight minority scholars in the humanities and social sciences at various institutions. 1996. 86 min. Video/C 4707 >

Talking About Race.
A diverse group of college students reveal their honest feelings and attitudes about race and racism. In part 1, students from 3 major universities are interviewed alone on topics including the climate toward talking about race on campus, self separation of ethnic groups, discrimination, affirmative action policies and individual responsibility for change. In part 2, a diverse group of 23 students from 6 major American universities spend 3 days together to collectively challenge one another with dialogue focusing on such topics as the concept of individual responsibility, feeling separated from each other, wanting others to understand and what can be done to move awareness to action. c1994. 25 min. Video/C 4054. See Also: Skin Deep

U.C. Charter Day, 1982.
Celebration of the 114th birthday of the University of California. Deena Gonzalez, Chair of the Graduate Assembly, delivers an address on the disproportionate low number of minority students enrolled at the University of California. Philip Habib, former Undersecretary of State and Special Presidential Envoy to the Middle East, delivers the keynote address on American foreign policy and the Middle East. Video/C 1718

Voices of a Divided City.
Film examines racial problems of urban areas focusing on the 1974 riots in Boston that were triggered by busing of children from the predominantly Black community of Roxbury to Charlestown with a mostly Irish population. Residents speak on the street and during a discussion group about the issues of racism and the impact busing and affirmative action programs have on their communities. c1982. 59 min. Video/C 455 - U-matic format, at NRLF #: B 4 175 250

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Child Welfare

Child Abuse (separate page)

Aging Out
"Aging out" chronicles the daunting obstacles that three young people in foster care encounter as they "age out" of the system and are suddenly on their own for the first time. This emotionally complex film is also a portrait of young adults struggling to overcome the scars of their troubled childhood in order to realize their dreams of independence and fulfillment. Written, produced and directed by Roger Weisberg. 2005. 90 min. DVD 6003

Criminal Justice/Capital Punishment

Black Panther Party Online Resources

17 August
Focuses on documenting one day in the life of Boris Bezotechestvo, a murderer serving his entire sentence in solitary confinement in a prison situated on a small Island on Lake Novozero in central Russia. The filmmaker explores what happens when nothing happens. The theme of crime and punishment is present in every moment. When there is no death sentence, there is only time. Time can be spent conversing with God - or maybe with the Devil. Boris asks himself whether he should try to go insane. Written and directed by Alexander Gutman. Dist.: Cinema Guild. 2009. 63 min. DVD X3245

1993 UN Human Rights Conference Preview
Segment one is a behind-the scenes look at the problems, priorities, and players at the 1993 United Nations World Conference on Human Rights, the first to be held in 25 years. Includes interviews with undersecretary of State Timothy Wirth and former President Jimmy Carter and UN Sec. General Boutros Boutros-Ghali. The second segment examines a Chicago based campaign against capital punishment by families of murder victims who tour the United States to combat the death penalty. Segement from the television program Rights & wrongs, 1993. 27 min. Video/C 6695

After Innocence
This documentary tells the dramatic and compelling story of the exonerated - innocent men wrongfully imprisoned for decades and then released after DNA evidence proved their innocence. The film focuses on the gripping story of seven men and their emotional journey back into society and efforts to rebuild their lives. Directed by Jessica Sanders. 2005. 95 min. DVD 7279
American Library Association Video Round Table Notable Videos for Adults

Aileen Wuornos: The Selling of a Serial Killer
Tells the true story of the first female serial killer in the U.S., Aileen Wuornos, and the opportunists who used her story. They include the born-again Christian woman who adopted Aileen while she was on trial and then sold Aileen's story, the lawyer who convinced Aileen to plead no contest, and Aileen's lesbian lover who got her to confess. 1992. 87 min. Video/C MM229

All Things Censored [16 essays] / Mumia Abu-Jamal. Vol. 1
[sound recording]Dorothy Allison (:30) -- Dedication (:56) -- From death row (:36) -- War on the poor (3:26) -- Cornel West (:41) -- Media is the mirage (3:26) -- Ronald Hampton (:29) -- True African American history (3:34) -- Sister Helen Prejean (:36) -- When ineffective means effective (3:13) -- Howard Zinn (:28) -- Death: the poor's perogative? (2:48) -- Dr. Joyce Elders (:18) -- A rap thing (4:06) -- Alice Walker (:26) -- Mother loss (2:44) -- William Kunstler introduction (2:32) -- Acting like life's a ballgame read by William Kunstler (4:16) -- Ramona Africa (:43) -- May 13 remembered, part 2 (3:54) --Juan Gonzalez (:45) -- Seeds of wisdom (3:10) -- Martin Sheen (:24) -- NAFTA: a pact made in Hell (3:17) -- Robert Meeropol (1:21) -- De Profundis (3:30) -- Justice Bruce Wright (:37) -- No law, no rights (3:21) -- Assata Shakur (1:36) -- Sweet Roxanne (3:14) -- Manning Marable (:43) -- Blackmun bows out of death game (3:45) -- Judy Bari (:36) -- It's not nice to fool with mother nature (2:43) -- John Edgar Wideman (:43) -- South Africa (3:12). Recorded between 1993 and 1997. Sound/D 42

America, Behind Bars: Beyond the Prison Industrial Complex: Critical Resistance
The growing reliance on prisons as the solution to systematic social problems, has created a punishment industry that bleeds taxpayers as it wields repression against the poor, immigrants and minorities. The first film, Visions of Freedom (32 min.), shows highlights from the Critical Resistance Conference held in Berkeley, California in 1998. Weaving music, poetry and speakers at the conference, this video highlights the growing outlines the growth of the prison industrial complex, the privatization of corrections and the social trade-offs being made to support it. The second film is USA, INCorporated (24 min.). Commentary: Angela Davis, Mike Davis, Ruthie Gilmore, Jose Lopez, Ramona Africa, Vince Shiraldi, Bruce Franklin, David Muhammad, Asha Bandele, Bernardine Dohrn, Luana Ross, Christian Parenti, Reese Erlich. "Produced in association with The Critical Resistance Conference, Berkeley, Calif., Sept. 25-27, l998. Produced in conjunction with Deep Dish TV's America Behind Bars series & The Prison Activist Resource Center." 1999? 56 min. Video/C 6451

America in Black and White. Racial Profiling and Law Enforcement
For many African-Americans, simply having dark skin seems to be grounds for being pulled over by police and searched for drugs. Police call it "profiling," based on years of successful drug interdiction through traffic stops, but angry and humiliated victims call it "racial profiling," a blatant form of discrimination. This investigative report examines the issue from the victim's point of view as well as through the eyes of the police. Originally broadcast as segments of: Nightline. 1998. 44 min. Video/C 8641

America's Brutal Prisons
Visits correctional institutions in Texas, Florida and California, uncovering penal systems with deeply ingrained cultures of punishment, where prisoners are routinely abused, even tortured, by prison guards. The film features videos recorded by prison surveillance cameras and correction officers themselves, supplemented by interviews with former prisoners, a warden, a prison doctor, inmates' relatives, attorneys and former correction officers who have broken the code of silence. 2005. 48 min. DVD 4775
Description from First Run/Icarus catalog

America's Least Wanted
Criminologists, media critics and other experts discuss the forces behind crime hysteria in the United States, why American prisons don't work, the economic costs of crime and the large social and economic impact of white collar crime. Paper Tiger TV, c1997. 26 min. Video/C 5821

American Chain Gang.
On May 3, 1995, Alabama resurrected the chain gang; on Sept. 18, 1996, Arizona began the first female chain gang. In this documentary the filmmaker seeks the truth about chain gangs. Does forced labor change the hearts and minds of career criminals or does it make them hardened and even worse when they return to society? Both inmate and penal officer views of the situation are examined in this honest and shocking portrayal of the men and women in the American penal system. c1998. 56 min. Video/C 6997

Angel on Death Row.
An investigative report which takes on the death penalty debate with a profile of Sister Helen Prejean. A longtime spiritual advisor to inmates on Death Row, her life and work inspired the highly-acclaimed motion picture "Dead Man Walking". c1996. 57 min. Video/C 4462
Angel on Death Row web site (via PBS/Frontline). Includes interviews, newspaper accounts, death penalty pro/con discussions.

Anderson, George M. "Opposing the Death Penalty: An Interview with Helen Prejean." (nun, author of 'Dead Man Walking')(Cover Story) America v175, n14 (Nov 9, 1996):8 (5 pages).
Bruno, Marc. 'We Both Live With the Poor.' (Sister Helen Prejean's influence on the film 'Dead Man Walking')(includes related article on death penalty opponents and advocates) America v174, n5 (Feb 17, 1996):31 (3 pages)
Silvio, Lucy. "Raking in the Money."('Dead Man Walking!' and the Sisters of St. Joseph) America v176, n8 (March 8, 1997):10 (2 pages).
Wagner, Betsy. "For Death Row, A Message of Love."(Helen Prejean, nun and author of book 'Dead Man Walking')(Interview) U.S. News & World Report v120, n5 (Feb 5, 1996):19.

Assata Shakur at Alderson Prison, 1977; Geronimo Ji Jaga, Doc Holliday, 1974
[sound recording] Barbara Lubinski interviews Assata Shakur in prison as she describes her case, her arrest and indictment with no chance for legal preparation, her involvement with the FBI, the activities of Cointelpro, the FBI's program against dissident groups and FBI activities against the Black Panther Party. Side 2: Mark Schwartz reports on the prison movement and alleged BGF members in isolation. Geronimo Ji-Jaga Pratt talks about several cases of prisoners charged with the murder of guards and Doc Holliday (Douglas Fowley) expounds on the social and political philosophy of George Jackson. San Francisco, Calif.: Freedom Archives, 2001. 45 min. Sound/C 1510

At the Death House Door
An intimate look at the death penalty in the state of Texas through the eyes of Pastor Carroll Pickett, who served 15 years as the death house chaplain to the infamous 'Walls' prison unit in Huntsville. During Pickett's remarkable career he presided over 95 executions, including the world's first lethal injection. After each execution, Pickett recorded an audiotape account of his trip to the death chamber. Directed and produced by Steve James, Peter Gilbert. 2008. 98 min. DVD X2106
American Library Association Video Round Table Notable Videos for Adults

Black Panther Party: Attica Prison Riots, September 9-13, 1971
Presents coverage of interviews with prisoners during the four-day revolt at the Attica Correctional Facility in New York in September, 1971. The prisoners talk about the background of the rebellion, asking for an investigation into the treatment of prisoners and conditions at the prison which instigated the riots. [from The Freedom Archives]

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Black Death in Dixie
Portrays capital punishment in the U.S. as an instrument that disproportionately targets racial minorities and the poor. Highlights statistics on the racial makeup of America's death row population, mistaken identification, the toll on those wrongfully convicted, and the effects of the Jim Crow era. Directed by Gerry Nelson. Originally produced as an episode of the Irish public television program What in the world? in 2007. Dist.: Films Media Group. 26 min. DVD X2952

Black Panther Party: 30 years After Attica
On the 30th anniversary, this is an examination of events and lessons learned from the rebellion and massacre at the Attica Correctional Facility in New York in September, 1971. Presents interviews with prisoners and guards during the 5 day occupation including spokesman prisoner L. D. Barkley who was killed in the riots and Frank "Big Black" Smith who describes the tortures that took place in the aftermath of the riot. [from The Freedom Archives]

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Books Not Bars
Documents the inspiring youth-led movement against the massive prison industry in the U.S., illustrating the negative impact of for-profit prison industry on youth -- particularly those from communities of color. Looks at public misperceptions about the criminalization of youth and highlights the relationship between increases in prison spending and decreases in education spending. Youth activists challenge audiences to explore alternative options to detention and debunk public misperceptions about youth crime rates. The film provides inspiring examples of peer activism, youth organizing, and mobilization around prison issues, providing youth with tangible ways to get involved with the movement to reform the U.S. prison system. In the video, young activists convince the Board of Corrections to deny pre-approved state funding for Alameda County's effort to build the biggest per capita juvenile hall in the state of California. A production of the Witness Project which uses video technology to investigate human rights abuses. 2001. 22 min. DVD 3262

Witness web site

Brother's Keeper
Tells the story of the "Ward Boys," four eccentric brothers who shared the same dilapidated two-room shack for over 60 years in Munnsville, N.Y. Living in isolation, without heat or running water, these elderly bachelors had virtually no contact with the outside world--until one was found dead in the bed he shared with his brother. By day's end, Delbert Ward "confessed" to suffocating his ailing brother as an act of mercy, but others in Munnsville believed Delbert had been framed. Was Delbert, an uneducated hermit with a low IQ, an innocent victim of police abuse? Was it a mercy killing--or was there another motive? Special features: Commentary by Joe Berlinger and Bruce Sinofsky, deleted scenes, never-before-seen short film "The Wards take Manhattan," photo gallery, original theatrical trailer featuring Spalding Gray, filmmaker biographies. A film by Joe Berlinger and Bruce Sinofsky. 1992. 105 min. DVD X160

Capital Punishment: March 12, 1985 (Nightline)
Examines opinions on capital punishment as a possible deterrent to crime through interviews with executioners, a former death row inmate, Edward Koch, mayor of New York City and Hans Zeisel, professor of law at the University of Chicago. 23 min. Video/C 5777

Charisse Shumate: Fighting For Our Lives
Focuses on the life of Charisse Shumate, who became the lead plaintiff in a lawsuit against the abominable health care conditions that women in California's prisons face. Includes prison interviews, materials from State Senate hearings on conditions for women in the California State Prison System, and historical video footage of Charisse and her family. Created in collaboration with the California Coalition for Women Prisoners. Produced by Claude Marks; written and edited by Eve Goldberg. Dist. Freedom Archives. 2004. 37 min. DVD 8457
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The Constitution--That Delicate Balance, Part 4: Criminal Justice and a Defendant's Right to a Fair Trial.
This seminar was made up of judges, lawyers, prosecutors, law enforcement officials, majors, and journalists who engaged in a dialogue exploring the trade-offs of a society trying to control crime yet preserve individual freedoms. 1983. 90 min. Video/C 6987

An examination of the efficacy and ethics of prison privatization in the United States and of the prison industries that profit from the burgeoning prison population. Features visits to the corporate headquarters of leading correctional corporations, prison trade shows, and testimony from leading experts and ordinary people, presenting diverse views of this new American "growth industry." 2001. 58 min. Video/C 9671

Crime & Punishment in America.
Brings a historical perspective to the problems of escalating crime and the public's fear of it, by exploring the evolution of crime and criminal penalties in American society. Tells how the regulation of gambing, drugs and pornography are rooted in colonial America. Looks at the rise of penitentaries and experiments to transform offenders, how law and the legal system has evolved in the United States, concluding with stalking laws and "three-strike" laws. Includes interviews with police, judges, historians, prison wardens, prosecutors, reformers and citizens as they speak about their experiences with crime and criminals. Based in part on Crime and Punishment in American History / by Lawrence Friedman (Main Stack KF9223.F75 1993; Moffitt KF9223.F75) 1997. 120 min. Video/C 5394

A Crime of Insanity
In 1994 a paranoid schizophrenic man, Ralph Tortorici, took a class of college students hostage, threatening and wounding one of them. Using excerpts from the actual trial, as well as interviews with Tortorici's father and brother, the defense attorney, chief assistant district attorney, the prosecutor, psychiatric experts, and the presiding judge, this documentary critically examines the ethical dilemmas surrounding the insanity defense. Originally broadcast on PBS, Oct. 17, 2002. 60 min. Video/C MM979

Cruel and Unusual
Examines the realities faced by transgender women in mens' prisons. Ashley, Linda, Anna, Yolanda and Ophelia describe their experiences including rape, violence, solitary confinement and denial of medical care. Their difficult stories challenge the most basic notions of gender and justice while raising an important question: Is their treatment indeed cruel and unusual -- a violation of the Eighth Amendment of the U.S. Constitution? A documentary film by Janet Baud, Dan Hunt, and Reid Williams. c2006. 60 min. DVD 6528

David Gilbert: a Lifetime of Struggle
An interview with David Gilbert, who is among the longest held anti-imperialist political prisoners in the world. He worked against the Vietnam War and for Black civil rights, was a leader in the Columbia University student strike and Students for a Democratic Society, and was a member of the Weather Underground Organization. In 1981 he was convicted for his participation in a Brinks truck robbery to raise funds for the Black Liberation Army. In prison he has continued to work for social justice calling early attention to the AIDS epidemic and working as an advocate for the rights of prisoners. Based on an interview by Sam Green and Bill Siegel. Videotaped in 1998 at Great Meadows Prison, Comstock, N.Y. Dist.: Freedom Archives, [2002]. 29 min. DVD 6896; vhs Video/C 9867
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The Day After Diallo: Organizers Speak Out on Police Brutality
Video highlights recurring police violence against people of color in the context of the killing of Amadou Diallo, an unarmed Black man who was shot forty-one times in the vestibule of his apartment by four members of the New York City Street Crimes Unit. On Feb. 25, 2000, a jury acquitted these officers of all charges. Protests erupted and confrontations between the police and demonstrators ensued. A production of the Witness Project which uses video technology to investigate human rights abuses. 2000. 6 min. DVD 3263

Witness web site

What would you do if you discovered that 13 people slated for execution had been found innocent? That was exactly the dilemma that Illinois Governor George Ryan faced in his final days in office. He, alone, was left to decide whether the remaining 167 death row inmates should live or die. This details the gripping drama of the clemency hearings during the countdown to Ryan's decision. Documented as the events unfolded, this is a compelling look inside America's prisons, highlighting one man's unlikely and historic actions against the system. Directors, Katy Chevigny and Kirsten Johnson. c2004. 89 min. DVD 4909

The Diary of Sacco and Vanzetti
A docu-drama about the 1927 Massachusetts trial and execution of two Italian-American immigrant anarchists based on Vanzetti's own letters and speeches. Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti, two Italian immigrants to America were executed after they were convicted of killing two people during a robbery in South Braintree. Their controversial trial became a political firestorm fueled by anti-immigration and "Red Scare" hysteria that gripped post-World War I America. This unique docu-drama, shot on location around Boston where the case took place, tells the events from the point of view of Vanzetti. Written and directed by David Rothauser. 2004. 57 min. DVD 6909

Doing Justice: The Life & Trials of Arthur Kinoy.
A biography of the civil rights lawyer, Arthur Kinoy, from his attempt to stay the executions of Julius and Ethel Rosenberg, through the civil rights movement, to the unanimous Supreme Court decision on wiretapping. 1993. 51 min. Video/C 4130

Doing Time: Life Inside the Big House
Hard-edged look at life inside the walls of Lewisburg, a maximum security federal penitentiary where rehabilitation and parole have all but been abandoned. With access to the entire prison, the filmmaker captured the stories of corrections officers as well as the inmates, including drug lords, "lifers," with no possibliity of parole, and prisoners convicted of leading prison riots. Directed by Alan Raymond. 2006. 85 min. DVD 5997

The Execution (Frontline)
Explore capital punishment through the story of Clifford Boggess, a 30-year-old who spent almost a decade on death row. In the United States, executions have become almost routine, especially in Texas, where Boggess, a pianist, artist, class valedictorian and convicted murderer awaited the execution chamber. And while he waited, the tormented families of his two victims--both brutally murdered in premeditated convenience store robberies--impatiently awaited his death in June 1998. 1999. 90 min. Video/C 6646

The Execution Protocol.
The film includes interviews with death row prisoners, with state government and prison officials, and with all participants in capital punishment, including lawyers, police officers and manufacturers of lethal substances to show the legal context and logistics involved in carrying out executions. It was filmed at the Potosi Correctional Centre, Mineral Point, Missouri, and it includes a discussion of the execution of Tiny Mercer in 1989. 83 min. Video/C 3502

The Farm: Life Inside Angola Prison
Documentary film which follows the lives of 6 men imprisoned in Angola, Louisiana State Penitentiary. As one man turns to religion, another battles cancer, and another faces lethal injection, each prisoner learns to grasp what spiritual redemption he can. A graphic and sympathetic commentary on racial and social injustice, this film paints an unforgettable portrait of the Angola inmates and their struggle for humanity within an inhumane system. c1998. 100 min. Video/C 6147
American Library Association Video Round Table Notable Videos for Adults
Sundance Film Festival - Grand Jury Prize, Documentary

From One Prison ...
Interviews in a Michigan prison with women imprisoned for murdering abusive men in self-defense. Highlights injustice and inequities in the legal system regarding women. The average sentence for women convicted of killing men is 20 years; that for men convicted of killing women , 2-6 years. Approximately 80% of women who commit murder kill abusers in self-defense. Produced and directed by Carol Jacobsen. 1994. 72 min. Video/C MM667

Ghosts of Attica
Offers the definitive account of America's most violent prison rebellion, its suppression, and the days of torture that ensued. Using newly uncovered video of the assault, interviews with eyewitnesses who've never spoken before on camera, and footage of inmates and hostages throughout their battles against the state, this film unravels one of America's deepest cover-ups, and shows how the legendary prison riot transformed the lives of its survivors. Produced and directed by Brad Lichtenstein. c2001. 89 min. DVD X3433; vhs Video/C 8490

Description from Icarus Films catalog

Christianson, Scott; Toplin, Robert Brent. "Ghosts of Attica." Journal of American History, Dec2002, Vol. 89 Issue 3, p1172-1173, 2p UC users only
Cutler, Janet. "Ghosts of Attica." Cineaste, Winter2002, Vol. 28 Issue 1, p64, 1/4p; UC users only
Giesen, James C. "Ghosts of Attica and Investigation of a Flame: A Documentary Portrait of the Catonsville Nine." Film & History May2003, Vol. 33 Issue 1, p66-67, 2p UC users only
Solomon, Norman. "From Attica to Abu Ghraib--and a Prison Near You.Preview." Humanist, Sep/Oct2005, Vol. 65 Issue 5, p26-29, 4pUC users only

Girl Hood
Shanae was ten when she was gang-raped; she responded by drinking and drugging, and by age 12 had graduated to murder. Megan ran way from ten different foster homes before being arrested on assault charges. Both came to the Waxter Juvenile Facility in Maryland. Follow these two girls for three years, as they try to make a life for themselves both inside and outside of Baltimore's juvenile justice system. Originally produced in 2003. 82 min. DVD 5282
American Library Association Video Round Table: Notable Videos for Adults

Girl Trouble: Girls Tell Their Truth About the Juvenile Justice System
Shot over a four year period, documents the personal struggles of three girls enmeshed in San Francisco's juvenile justice system. Trying to change their lives, the girls work part-time at the Innovative Center for Young Women's Development, an organization run by young women who have faced similar challenges. As they confront seemingy impossible problems and pivotal decisions, the center's director, Lateefa Simon, is often their only support and mentor. Producer/director/cinematographers, Lexi Leban and Lidia Szajko. 2004. 74 min. DVD X7174; Video/C MM926

Gladiator Days
Violent crime in prison is an everyday reality. Captured by Utah State Prison surveillance cameras, the documentary shows how white supremacist Troy Kell stabbed black inmate Lonnie Blackmon 67 times while his accomplice Eric Daniels helped hold down the victim. All the while, prison guards watched from the sidelines waiting for the SWAT team to arrive. Originally produced for television broadcast in 2002. 60 min. DVD 2839

Homeboys: "My Daddy's in Jail"
Re-visits the young men interviewed eight years ago in the film "Homeboys: life and death in the hood" -- all but one now in jail. Equal time is given to their young children, who are struggling to remember their fathers and to understand why their fathers are not living at home. Both generations describe the pain of life without their fathers. c1999. 26 min. Video/C MM108

Hood News
Citizen reporters from Hood News investigate stories straight from the streets including on site coverage of crime scenes through interviews with eye witnesses, police responses, police brutality, immigration laws, users of medical marijuana, mothers grieving sons lost to gang violence, and other issues. Contents: Volume 1. Police terrorism -- Beginning -- Min. Tony beating -- Protest -- Daniel Freeman -- Broadway 92nd -- Og man -- Kornblum -- Public service announcement -- Avalon and Imperial -- 52nd Atlantic -- Leslie Brooks -- Bear murder (115 min) --. Volume 2. Freedom of the press -- Beginning -- Innocent man or gun man? -- Crenshaw -- Murdered by the Compton sherriff -- What's your story? -- Live to eat and learn -- Philly -- NBA stars -- Medical marijuana -- Claude Jones/Obama rally -- Celebrity game -- Hotel march -- Sisters pain -- Farrakhan prays with mothers. (118 min.) 2009. DVD X2263

House of Suh
One of Chicago's most famous murder cases surrounded sister and brother Catherine and Andrew Suh, first-generation Korean Americans, who conspired against, shot and killed Catherine's former boyfriend. Over a decade later, director Iris Shim revisits the case and opens a Pandora's box of family secrets that reveals the murder to be anything but black and white. Directed and produced by Iris K. Shim. c2011. 95 min. DVD X6642

Hungry for Monsters
This gripping documentary captures the nightmare that one family endures after a teenage girl confessed to a teacher that her father molested her. During therapy sessions to recover "repressed memories," the daughter exaggerates and embellishes her accusations as social workers, therapists, and officers of the court inadvertently egg her on. The girl's tales of satanic rituals and wild orgies eventually lead to arrests, years of turmoil and heartache for all. A sharp and unrelenting portrait of the American system of justice run amok. Produced, directed, and edited by George Paul Csicsery. 2006. 69 min. DVD 6526

I Thought I Was Seeing Convicts
An inquiry into means of surveillance and control at Corcoran State Prison, California. We see how the camera suddenly zooms in on a fight between two prisoners. The guard warns the prisoners through speakers, and then fires rubber bullets. When the fight continues they fire live ammunition. By placing the camera next to the rifleman Farocki emphasises the social relationship between the one who fires and the one who films; between the one with force and the one who takes shots. Because of this the images present a very oppressive and critical character. A film by Harun Farocki. 2000. 25 min. DVD X222

Juvenile Court

A documentary showing day-to-day activities in the large urban juvenile court system of Memphis. Scenes include conferences among parents, social workers, lawyers, and young offenders, interviews with psychologists, and meetings in the judge's chambers. A film by Frederick Wiseman. 1973. 144 min. Video/C MM1072

Juvenile Justice
Frontline explores whether children who commit serious crimes should be tried as juveniles or adults. The program shows what can happen to young offenders who reach the "end of the line" in the juvenile court system and how these children can be rehabilitated to prevent future criminal behavior. Originally broadcast on PBS as a segment of: Frontline. c2001. 90 min. Video/C MM921

This film explores the personal stories and impact of incarceration in an adult prison environment on twelve juveniles, male and female, who were at Los Angeles Central Juvenile Hall and were prosecuted and incarcerated as adults. 66 min. 2004. Video/C MM242

Kathleen Cleaver on Mumia [sound recording]
Kathleen Cleaver speaks at San Francisco State University about the case of African American journalist Mumia Abu-Jamal, convicted in 1982 of murdering a Philadelphia policeman. Abu-Jamal's Black Panther background and the political atmosphere of Philadelphia at the time stirred ardent advocates, pro and con, as the trial intersected racial politics and criminal justice. San Francisco, Calif.: Freedom Archives, 2001. 120 min. Sound/C 1508

The Last Graduation: The Movement for College Programs in New York State Prisons After Attica
Researcher Barbara Zahm gives a brief history of the 1971 Attica Prison Rebellion in which forty-three men died, and the college prison program which was initiated afterward. After interviews with prison inmates, "The Movement for College Programs of New York State Prisons After Attica" was formed. Zahm tells of her transformation after working with the inmates and her anguish over the Congressional decision to eliminate Pell Grants for prisoners, thus ending the program and leading to the "Last Graduation". As of 1997 funding cuts had not been restored. 1997. 55 min. Video/C 7028

Law & Disorder
Behind the enduring images of heroic rescues undertaken by the New Orleans Police Department in the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina, there is another story of law enforcement in crisis, even out of control. This year-long, ongoing collaboration among Frontline, ProPublica, and the New Orleans Times-Picayune investigates charges that NOPD officers inappropriately used lethal force against New Orleans citizens and then tried to cover up their actions. Director, Thomas Jennings. Originally broadcast as an episode of Frontline on August 25, 2010. 60 min. DVD X5417

Law and Order
An award winning documentary on the routine activities of the Kansas City, Missouri Police Department. Filmed in the highest crime district of the city, the film reveals the role of the police in a large urban center, the nature of contacts with the community and the diversity and complexity of the police role in American society. In showing police confronting problems such as a domestic dispute, arrests of a car thief and a prostitute, a clothing store holdup, and medical emergencies, the film presents an unflinching look at the intersection of criminal behavior and police work. Directed and produced by Frederick Wiseman. [1969?]. 81 min. Video/C 9301

Legacy: Murder and Media, Politics and Prisons.
From murders to manhunts to a win-at-all costs political campaign, this riveting expose presents the disturbing story behind the passage of California's stringent "three strikes" law. Through candid interviews and news footage, Mike Reynolds and Marc Klaas--both fathers of murdered children--and other key players including judges, legal analysts, and state officials illuminate both sides of this heated issue, revealing how criminal justice policy is debated and promoted in today's media-saturated political climate--particulary in a state where more money is spent on prisons than on education. 1999. 60 min. Video/C 6370
American Library Association Video Round Table Notable Videos for Adults

A License to Kill.
Presents both sides of the debate on capital punishment through interviews with jurists, lawyers, civil rights advocates, crime victims, and condemned criminals. 1985. 28 min. Video/C 1130

Lockdown Nation
The U.S. has five percent of the world's population, it has 25% of the world's inmates. This documentary goes inside America's troubled prison system where more than 2.2 million convicts live in a world of increasing violence, extreme crowding, rampant drug use and gang warfare. Produced and written by Mischa Gauss, Robert Goldberg. c2007. 96 min. DVD X6318

Lockdowns Up.
This film examines the potentials that privatized prisons see for their industry following the policy shifts after September 11th. A corporate conference call from one of the leading correctional facility corporations details the impact that such shifts offer not only for investors, but for those most prone to racial profiling. A film by Ashley Hunt. 2001. 9 min. Video/C 9982

Maximum Security University
Utilizes surveillance videos of the SHU (maximum security) exercise yard at Corcoran State Prison, California to show the shootings of four inmates by prison guards as they to break up fights. The tapes are compared with the shooting review board reports, revealing inconsistencies in the official accounts. This film criticizes the integrated yard policy whereby members of rival gangs are released into the yard together, almost ensuring that violence will occur. 1999. 48 min. Video/C 7058

Me Facing Life
Cyntoia's story takes a hard look at some of the complex social issues concerning a 16-year-old girl who is serving a life sentence for murder. Cyntoia Brown found herself in a series of bad situations that led to her killing a man. The filmmaker spent nearly six years exploring her life and familial relationships in order to answer a very basic question ... why? This documentary pushes aside assumptions about what we think about violence and takes a glance into a startling social mirror that reveals a strong connection between violence in her maternal line and a predestined childhood filled with bad decisions. Director, writer, Daniel H. Birman. Dist.: Cinema Guild. 2010. 52 min. DVD X5755

Mothers in Prison Children in Crisis
Eighty percent of women in prison are mothers. Seventy-five percent are mothers of minor children and studies show that these children are 5 to 6 times more likely to be imprisoned in their futures. At a time when tougher prison sentences are being handed down and more children are being affected by a parent's incarceration, this documentary looks at the social, economic, political, and emotional costs. Includes interviews with mothers in prison in Arkansas, their children, caregivers, child welfare experts and prison authorities in an attempt to illustrate how a mother's incarceration affects her children. 2002. 57 min. Video/C MM710

Mumia Abu-Jamal: A Case for Reasonable Doubt?
America's most "celebrated" death row inmate, Mumia Abu-Jamal, speaks for the first time behind prison walls. Mumia was convicted and sentenced to death for the 1981 murder of a 25 year-old white Philadelphia policeman. His conviction has been protested by activists and celebrities who call him a political prisoner because of the perceived irregularities in both the evidence and the conduct of his trial. 1997. 74 min. Video/C 4928

Murder on a Sunday Morning
A documentary investigating a true tale of murder and injustice in Jacksonville, Florida. When a 15-year-old black male is arrested for the murder of Mary Ann Stephens, everyone involved in the case--from investigators to journalists--is ready to condemn him,except for his lawyer, Patrick McGuiness. McGuiness reopens the inquiry, and discovers a slew of shocking and troubling elements about the case. Most importantly, can the police be lying? A film by Jean-Xavier de Lestrade 2003. 111 min. DVD 1842

The New Asylums
Fewer than 55,000 Americans currently receive treatment in psychiatric hospitals. Meanwhile, almost 10 times that number, nearly 500,000, mentally ill men and women are serving time in U.S. jails and prisons. As sheriffs and prison wardens become the unexpected and often ill-equipped caretakers of this burgeoning population, they raise a troubling new concern: Have America's jails and prisons become its new asylums? This program goes deep inside Ohio's state prison system to explore the complex and growing issue of mentally ill prisoners. Originally broadcast as a segment of the television program Frontline on May 10, 2005. 60 min. DVD 4437

The New Gulag: America's Prisons
In the United States the prison system costs 30 billion dollars per year to maintain and will escalate as stiffer sentences and tougher treatment are being demanded for criminals. Private companies are running prisons for profit often at the expense of recreation and rehabilitation services for the prisoners. In rural communities, prisons are welcomed for providing jobs and markets for goods needed in the prisons. In this documentary Alvin Brunstein of the American Civil Liberties Union and criminologist Marc Mauer, challege the theory that tougher prisons deter crime. Director Kari Mokko. 199-? 30 min. DVD X7097; Video/C 9257
Description from Filmakers Library catalog

Nuestra familia, Our Family
Nuestra Familia, Our Family goes inside one of California's most powerful Latino prison gangs. Through exclusive interviews with gang members, law enforcement officials and community members, as well as undercover FBI surveillance footage of the gang in action, the film reveals the gang's devastating effect on families--and the controversial war to stop its spread. Producer and director, Oriana Zill de Granados. Presented at the International Latino Film Festival held in the San Francisco Bay Area. Nuestra Familia, Our Family aired nationally on PBS as part of the Latino Public Broadcasting series VOCES, and in California as part of the KQED Public Television series Truly CA. c2006. 56 min. DVD X3731

Old Enough To Do Time: Juvenile Justice Policies.
Reviews the history of the treatment of juvenile deliquents in the United States. Gives examples from all over the country of recent policies of treating young offenders as adults. Shows four alternative correctional programs which are being tried instead of traditional prisons. 1983. 58 min. Video/C 3415

Operation Cooperation (Partnerships Between Law Enforcement and Private Security)
Presents a discussion of various cooperative endeavors between public law enforcement agencies and private security organizations. 2001. 15 min. Video/C 8807

O.J. Simpson Case: See African American Studies videography and Journalism videography

Omar & Pete
This compelling and highly personal documentary examines the social, economic, and personal barriers that two ex-offenders, who have spent the majority of their years in prison, face as they work at reintegration into their communities and families. A film by Tod Lending. 2005. 72 min. DVD 5996

Paradise Lost: The Child Murders at Robin Hood Hills
Examines the brutal slayings of three eight-year-old boys in West Memphis, Arkansas, and the investigation, arrest and trial of the three teenagers (the West Memphis Three) whose only crime seems to have been that they dressed in black, listened to heavy metal music, and were fascinated with the Wicca religion. A film by Joe Berlinger and Bruce Sinofsky. Originally produced in 1996. 150 min. DVD 5124

The Plea
Examines the prevalence of plea bargaining in the American justice system, and the failures of justice that result when the practice is misused. Nearly 95 percent of all cases resulting in felony convictions never reach a jury, but instead are settled through plea bargains, in which a defendant agrees to plead guilty in exchange for a reduced sentence. Critics contend that the push to resolve cases through plea bargains jeopardizes the constitutional rights of defendants, who may be pressured to admit their guilt whether they are guilty or not. Written, produced and directed by Ofra Bikel. Originally broadcast June 17, 2004 on the PBS Television series Frontline. 90 min. DVD 5807

Police Brutality in the U.S.: June 25, 1980 (Nightline)
Looks at allegations of police brutality against officers of the Los Angeles Police Department through interviews with L.A. Police chief, Daryl Gates and Mayor, Tom Bradley. Moves on to examine the New York City Police Department through interviews with police officers and others. 18 min. Video/C 5773

The Police Tapes
Two filmmakers ride along with police in the South Bronx in 1976, to document a city trying to cope with rape, gang warfare, murder, arson and petty revenge. A dramatically raw account of the dangerous nighttime work of beat cops as they try to contain an urban community coming unraveled. Produced, edited and directed by Alan Raymond and Susan Raymond. 1976. 88 min. DVD 5998

Police Violence in the U.S.: March 21, 1991 (Nightline)
An examination of the causes and consequences of police brutality in the United States through interviews with private citizens, police officers, community leaders and historians. 23 min. Video/C 5772

Prisons on Fire: George Jackson, Attica & Black liberation [Sound Recording]
Thirty years ago, America's prisons burned. Who were the Attica Brothers? Why did 1,500 Black, Puerto Rican, and white prisoners seize control of New York State's Attica Prison? Thirty years later prison rights activists grapple with this history through contemporary interviews and narration including the voices of George Jackson, Angela Davis, Harry Belafonte, and others.

Performer: George Jackson, Jonathan Jackson Jr., Georgia Jackson, Angela Davis, David Hilliard, James Baldwin, Harry Belafonte, David Johnson, Hugo Pinell, Luis Talamantez, Sundiata Tate, Frank Smith, William Kunstler, Elizabeth Fink, Michael Deutsch, L. D. Barkley, Ruchell Magee. 60 min. Sound/D 171

Prisoners, Fights & Wrongs
Nevada State Prison / by G. John Slagle -- Norval Morris / by Kathie Robertson -- Alvin Paul Mitchell / by John Lipman, KIRO, Jesse Wineberry, Michael King -- William King / by Jimmy Sternfield -- Clarence Lusane ; Alexa Freeman / by Eddie Becker -- Barbara Franklin ; Jeanne McKinnis / by Jeanne C. Finley -- Jefftown / The Jefftown Crew : Jeffrey Archer, Darryl Brazil, Joe Corpier, Jerry Easton, Michael Hunter, Christiano Perez -- John Daleb / by Garth Bacon -- Percy Mayfield, poet laureate of the blues / by Michael Prussian, Starr Sutherland. Previously aired as segment of television program, "The 90's." 1991. 60 min. Video/C 2207

What happens when a struggling rural community tries to revive its economy by inviting prisons in? This documentary tells the story of Susanville, California, one small town that tried to resuscitate its economy by building a prison -- with unanticipated consequences. Now the Susanville area is home to three prison complexes housing a total of more than 11,000 inmates. The inmate population is more than one-and-a-half times the number of local residents. Weaving the stories of an laid-off mill worker turned guard, a strugglng dairy owner, and an inmate's family stranded in Susanville, the film illuminates the legacy of an industry that is transforming rural America. A film by Po Kutchins and Katie Galloway. 2006. 75 min. DVD 9487

Profits of Punishment
Dominated by a handful of American-based corporations including Wackenhut Corporation, the business of private prisons is now the most volatile and powerful industry in the United States. Visit an assembly line in Texas where prisoners produce circuit boards and follow prison entrepreneurs to a giant prison convention where hundreds of salesmen market the lastest prison products, such as portable restraint devices and the latest in surveillance technology. This film contrasts the glitzy commercial arena of the private prison industry with the world of the inmates on the inside. In the process, it exposes a recession-proof industry where money is made out of the deprivation of liberty. 2001. 52 min. Video/C 8190

Protect and Serve?: De-policing in Urban Neighborhoods
Beset with the catchphrase "racial profiling," police in many American cities have responded with "tactical detachment," and the code of NC/NC -- "no contact, no complaints." This program, focusing on the cities of Cincinatti and Seattle, reports on how police are moving from active to passive law enforcement in the wake of controversy, resulting in a spike of violent crimes. Originally presented as a segment on ABC News Nightline. 2001. 23 min. Video/C 8836

A documentary exploring the social phenomenon of punishment. The forms of punishment that a society chooses, and what it deems a crime, illustrate that society's values. How is justice pursued and punishment meted out? Looks at the history of punishment, beginning with early compensatory forms of justice, Hammurabi's Code and the Law of Moses. Socrates' execution and Roman and medieval forms of justice are analyzed in a historical context, underscoring the fact that punishment was often intended as a deterrent rather than as a reformatory measure. Discusses contemporary forms of punishment, including the death penalty, along with the ways in which these sentences reflect what society values. 2003. 53 min. DVD 5039

A Question of Racial Profiling.
The issue of racial profiling of minorities by police is highly-charged with legal, political, ethical and social implications. This report examines the issue from the points of view of ordinary black Americans, the police and social scientists. 2004. 40 min. DVD 4774.

Race to Execution.
Follows the cases of two death row inmates to examine the problem of race discrimination in the U.S. criminal justice system, particularly with regard to death penalty sentencing. Explores the roles of the Supreme Court, prosecutors, juries, politicians, media, and public opinion on capital punishment. Includes interviews with relatives of both the accused and the victims, as well as legal and social experts. A film by Rachel Lyon. c2006. 54 min. DVD 8686
Description from Filmakers Library catalog

Real Justice
Documentary presenting the Suffolk County criminal courts in Boston, Massachusetts, as a case study of the daily workings of public defenders and prosecutors scheduling, negotiating, and arguing both nonviolent and violent criminal cases. Focuses on the offers, social work, and presentation of mundane evidence used to keep the court system moving. Originally broadcast on November 14, 2000 and November 21, 2000 as episodes of the television program: Frontline. c2004. 150 min. Video/C MM1065

Reckless Indifference
This tragic story of teens, drugs and murder explores California's controversial felony murder rule. Four teenagers participated in a backyard brawl which resulted in the death of the son of a police officer. The teens were tried, convicted of first degree murder and sentenced to life in prison without parole, even though only one of them actually committed the crime. Ten years have passed and they are still behind bars, though an appeal is pending. Directed by William Gazecki. 2000. 94 min. DVD 6113

The Released.
Examines what happens to the hundreds of thousands of mentally ill prisoners when they leave prison and why they return at such alarming rates. Includes the intimate stories of the released, interviews with parole officers, social workers, and psychiatrists. Directed by Miri Navasky & Karen O'Connor. Originally broadcast on the television program Frontline on April 28, 2009. 60 min. DVD X1837

Sacco and Vanzetti
Examines the case of Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti through archival film, music, poetry and excerpts from the 1971 feature film. Also includes interviews with historians, artists and activists as well as readings from the prison diaries of the two defendants. The many personalities involved in these historic events including the judge, the attorneys, the Italian anarchist movement and the Communist Party are examined within the period's political context, especiallly the notorious "Red scare," of the 1920's which led to the arrest and deportation of thousands of immigrants. c2006. 81 min. DVD 6486

Scared Straight!; Scared straight! 20 Years Later
Scared straight!: Profiles a unique juvenile crime-prevention program at New Jersey's Rahway maximum-security prison, recounting the day seventeen teenage lawbreakers spent inside the prison with the some of New Jersey's most dangerous criminals. In an attempt to scare the kids out of their criminal ways, prisoners took turns describing prison life, emphasizing it's worst features. Scared straight! 20 years later: Traces the subsequent lives of the teens and the convicts featured in the original documentary. Some have jobs and families now, but others weren't so fortunate. Written, directed, and produced by Arnold Shapiro. 1978; 1999. 90 min. DVD 3113

Sin by Silence
From behind prison walls, the film reveals the lives of extraordinary women who advocated for a future free from domestic violence. Inside California's oldest women's prison, the first inmate-initiated and led group in the U.S. prison system was created by inmate Brenda Clubine to help abused women speak out and realize they are not alone. Over the past two decades, the women of CWAA, Convicted Women Against Abuse, have changed laws for battered women and raised awareness for those on the outside. The documentary tells the personal and shocking stories of these courageous women who have learned from their past, are changing their future, and most importantly, are teaching us how domestic violence affects each and every person. Directed & produced by Olivia Klaus. Special features (ca. 2 hrs.): "Violence and abuse" discussion clips (40 min.) -- "CWAA Meetings" clips (11 min.) -- "Batterer's perspective" featurette (14 min.)-- Law enforcement and corrections" discussion clips (22 min.) -- "Legal aspects" discussion clips (24 min.) -- "Faith-based" discussion clips (15 min.) -- "Brenda Clubine" clips (12 min.). c2009. 49 min. DVD X5646
Description from Women Make Movies catalog

In this documentary director Steve James returns to rural Southern Illinois to reconnect with Stevie Fielding, a troubled young boy he had been an 'Advocate Big Brother' to for ten years. The film began as a way of discovering what forces shaped Stevie's life but part way through the filming, Stevie is arrested for a serious crime, which tears his family apart. What was to be a modest profile turns into a intimate four and half year chronicle of Stevie, his broken family, the criminal justice system and the filmmaker himself, as they all struggle with what Stevie has done and who he has become. 2002. 145 min. DVD 8566

Supermax Prisons
Supermax prisons can be described as maximum security, minimum privilege institutions designed to isolate the most dangerous inmates from the rest of the prison population. This documentary examines the history and development of supermax prisons and explores the internal and external features found in one. Covers details regarding staffing, mental health issues, and inmate transportation. 1999. 23 min. Video/C MM433

Sweethearts of the Prison Rodeo
Go behind the Oklahoma State Penitentiary walls to follow convict cowgirls on their journey to the 2007 Oklahoma State Penitentiary Rodeo. Directed by Bradley Beesley. 2010. 90 min. DVD X6325

Thanatos Rx
Presents a balanced discussion of the death penalty in the United States, offering a wide range of perspectives including interviews with several current and former death row inmates, families of homicide victims and distict attorneys. Beginning with the history of controversial death penalty cases, legal experts, representatives of Amnesty International and The Innocence Project examine the death penalty as just retribution and its efficacy as a deterrence to crime. 2001. 59 min. Video/C 9274

The Thin Blue Line.
Documentary about the conviction and imprisonment of Randall Adams for the killing of a Dallas policeman, an investigation and reconstruction of the murder and the questions that arise about Adams' guilt. Directed by Errol Morris. 1988. 101 min. DVD 4165; vhs Video/C 999:443

To Defend a Killer. (Ethics in America; 2)
A hypothetical murder case provides the context for discussion by a panel of jurists, journalists, clergy, and scholars of the ethical questions faced by the prosecutors, defense attorneys, defendants, and witnesses involved in the legal proceedings. c1989. 58 min. Video/C 1654

The Trials of Darryl Hunt
Chronicling this capital case in Winston-Salem, N.C. from 1984-2004, filmmakers Ricki Stern and Annie Sundberg painstakingly frame the judicial and emotional reponses to a brutal rape/murder case, and the implications surrounding Darryl Hunt's wrongful conviction against a backdrop of class and bigotry in America. Directors, Ricki Stern and Annie Sundberg. 2006. 107 min. DVD 8592

Tulia, Texas
In 1999 undercover narcotics agent Thomas Coleman executed one of the biggest drug stings in Texas history. Coleman and his drug task force arrested 46 Tulia residents - of which 39 were African American - on charges of suspected drug dealing. At the discovery that Coleman himself had a criminal record investigations were re-opened and all the defendants were eventually set free and pardoned by the Texas governor. Coleman himself was convicted of perjury, but the West Texas jury gave him only a suspended sentence. A co-production of Cassandra Herrman and Kelly Whalen. 2007. 54 min. DVD X296
Description from California Newsreel catalog

Voices From Inside
'Voices from Inside' follows German-born theater artist Karina Epperlein into a federal women's prison where she began teaching weekly classes as a volunteer in 1992. Her racially mixed group of women prisoners becomes a circle of trust and healing. Epperlein also talks to the children of the women. 1996. 60 min. Video/C 5226

Wearing the Green: Longtermers of the New York State Prison System
Profiles the work of ex-convicts in New York (some former Black Panthers) who are working to battle inequities which still mark the meting out of justice. Through Harlem's Community Justice Center, they work to make neighborhoods where unemployment, crime and drug use are high, into "self-respecting" safe communities so that today's children will not become "victims of the street." 1994. 52 min. Video/C 4528

Welcome to Warren
This sobering and perceptive documentary explores the lives of inmates and guards at the Warren Correctional Institution, in southern Ohio, providing the viewer with two interpretations of life inside. From the smallest details of life for prisoners ... to the cynicism with which the corrections officers analyze their surroundings, elucidates the effects of prolonged monotony and confinement on the human spirit. Directed by Brent Huffman. 2005. 31 min. DVD 5623

What Jennifer Saw
Examines the reliability of eyewitness identification and the implications of DNA evidence for the American justice system. Considers the case of Ronald Cotton who spent eleven years in prison before DNA evidence proved him innocent of rape. Originally broadcast Feb. 25, 1997 on PBS as a segment of Frontline. 60 min. Video/C 4528

Writ Writer
In 1960, Fred Arispe Cruz, a young man from San Antonio, Texas was arrested for robbery, convicted and sent to a state prison farm to pick cotton. Inspired by the civil rights movement, Cruz, a Mexican American with only an 8th grade education, became jailhouse lawyer--writ writer in prison parlance--and the catalyst of prison reform in Texas. Because he helped other prisoners with lawsuits, the Texas Department of Corrections classified Cruz as an agitator, transferred him to the Ellis Unit "the Alcatraz of Texas," and subjected him to long periods in solitary confinement. Cruz filed a case against George Beto, director of the TDC, which Cruz won in the Supreme Court. This led directly to the 1974 class action suit that found the TDC system unconstitutional. As told by wardens, convicts, and former prisoners who knew him, the film weaves contemporary and archival film footage to evoke the fascinating transformation of Fred Cruz from prisoner to activist, and a prison system still haunted by its past. Produced and directed by Susanne Mason. Dist.: New Day Films. 2007. 54 min. DVD X6592
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Drug Traffickings and Use

Propaganda (for anti-drug propaganda and educational films, 1930-1970)
Medical Sciences and Technology/ Public Health

A television series that strives to educate America about addiction as a brain disease and its treatment as such. Breaks through the myths and explains what addiction really is, what causes it, and how to get the best available treatments. Originally broadcast on HBO in March, 2007. DVD 8191

Disc 1: Saturday night in a Dallas ER -- A mother's desperation -- The science of relapse -- The adolescent addict -- Brain imaging -- Opiate addiction: a new medication -- Topiramate: a clinical trial for alcoholism -- Steamfitters Local Union 638 -- Insurance woes.

Disc 2: What is addiction? -- Understanding relapse -- The search for treatment: a challenging journey -- The adolescent addict: multi-systemic therapy: a new outpatient approach ; Phoenix academy: a profile of residential treatment. Produced by John Hoffman, Susan Froemke; directors, Jon Alpert, et al.

Disc 3: An interview with Nora Volkow, M.D ; An interview with Mark Willenbring, M.D ; An interview with Michael Dennis, Ph.D ; An interview with Kathleen Brady, M.D., Ph.D.

Disc 4: Getting an addict into treatment: the CRAFT approach -- Treating stimulant addiction: the CBT approach -- Opiate addiction: understanding replacement therapy -- South Boston drug court -- A mother's desperation.

Black Tar Heroin: The Dark End of the Street
A documentary filmed in San Francisco, California from December 1995 to January 1998 when black tar heroin use, particularly among young adults, surged to record levels in the city. Looks at two years in the lives of five young heroin addicts, ages 18 to 25, as they face the perils of hard core drug addiction -- crime, prostitution, rape, incarceration, AIDS, overdoses and death. A film by Steven Okazaki.1999. 75min. Video/C 8727

Close To Home: Bill Moyers on Addition 1998.

Portrait of Addiction. Bill Moyers explores the issues of drug and alcoholaddiction. Nine men and women, all recovering fromdrug and/or alcohol addiction, tell their stories. 57 min.

The Hijacked Brain. Scientists are making dramatic discoveries about how addiction affects the brain. Bill Moyers goes into thelaboratory to follow researchers engaged in charting the effects of cocaine on a brain, who explain how brain scans reveal addiction as a chronic relapsing brain disease. Moyers also observes a genetic researcher as he monitors a variety of factorsthat may determine who is likely to developalcoholism. 57 min. Video/C 6506

Changing Lives. Bill Moyers focuses on the point that no singletreatment program will work for all addicts. He visitsthe Ridgeview Institute to interview recovering addicts and sit in on a group therapy session. The program also visits Project Safe, a treatment program that reaches out to disadvantaged mothers who are addicts and to their children who areat serious risk of becoming addicts. 90 min. Video/C 6507

The Next Generation. Experts are increasingly focusing on prevention efforts based on community and family. This documentary looksat two of these efforts. One works with parents addicted to heroin by teaching them how to repair the damage to family wrought by drug abuse, and in spite of it, how to raise strong, resilient children. In a second program, vigilant counselors in Dade County schools watch for kids at risk of becoming drug addicts, and offer immediate counseling for thosewho are already involved with drugs. Nicotine addiction is addressed by a program that provides classes designed to prevent students from smoking, and another that helps them stop if they've already begun to smoke. School officials, counselors, and students are interviewed. 57 min. Video/C 6508

Cuba and Cocaine
Documents narcotics smuggling in and through Cuba. Examines Cuban government officials' involvement in trading drugs for weapons to support Communist insurgents in Latin America. 1991. 58 min. Video/C 2048

Debunking the Myths About Marijuana: What Can Your Community Do?
Contents: Marijuana ads for teens: Roadside memorial ; Pregnacy test ; Four cigarettes -- [Marijuana] ads for adults: Thanks ; Loss ; Ask who, what, where, when: questions, the anti-drug -- [Marijuana] ads for community coalitions: Rabbi/Reverend ; Banker/ball player ; chef/plumber/policeman.

Produced by the U.S. governement this film is designed to educate communities about the harms of teen marijuana use. It highlights the latest research about the drug, features commentary by leading experts about the effects of marijuana on youth, and encourages communities to work together to address teen marijuana use. Also includes television advertisements for youth on the negative consequences of marijuana use, for parents on the importance of monitoring their kids, and for the general audience on the importance of community coalitions. 2003. 15 min. Video/C MM27

Ecstasy Rising
Investigation into the drug known as MDMA or Ecstasy and the people who made it the drug of choice for a generation-- from Alexander Shulgin, the chemist who was the first person to report the effects of MDMA, to Michael Clegg, the Dallas drug dealer who gave Ecstasy its name and turned it from a therapeutic to a recreational drug, to the drug enforcement officer who led the fight to make Ecstasy illegal, to the DJ who spread Ecstasy and dance parties -- known as raves -- across America. Concludes with a look at the U.S. government's campaign against MDMA and the controversial studies regarding whether the drug causes brain damage. Originally produced for the television program Primetime Live, broadcast on April 1, 2004. 45 min. Video/C MM293

Foo-foo Dust
Explores the relationship between a crack-addicted prostitute and her 23-year old drug addicted son, both living in one room in San Francisco's Tenderloin District. A disturbing and intimate portrait of the destructive power of drug addiction, including a crack-induced fit and near-fatal heroin overdose, as well as a moving, poignant look at the intense love between a mother and her son living on the edge of society. Directors, Gina Levy and Eric Johnson. 2003. 37 min. DVD 5560

Getting High: A History of LSD
Explores the legacy of LSD and its impact on society, aided by scholars who examine its history in the context of the role of hallucinogens in societies throughout history. The presentation visits the lab where the drug was first synthesized by Albert Hoffmann in 1943. Thirty years later, after Timothy Leary and Aldous Huxley brought the drug into the public eye, its role in the cultural upheavals of the 1960's is still debated. The film also examines the controversial tests conducted by the CIA and the U.S. military as well as tests by other nations. Originally broadcast as a segment of the A&E series History's mysteries. 1999. 50 min. Video/C 7223

Utilizing hilarious footage from U.S. Government propaganda films produced between the 1930's to 1960's and animation from underground artist Paul Mavrides, "Grass" blows the lid off the war on marijuana. With warnings of users becoming sex-crazed, these pressed official reports have molded government policy (and a multimillion dollar war) against this "assassin of youth." Produced and directed by Ron Mann Special features: Ron Mann on Grass; deleted scene; High Times Magazine Gallery; theatrical trailer; quick reference guide to state-by-state marijuana laws in the U.S. 2000. 80 min. DVD 1273

Hard Drugs, Hard Choices
Four part program about drugs and the reaction of society. Discussion with a panel of prominent leaders of the community about 1. Teaching, testing, treatment; 2. Law, order and the community; 3. Vigilantism and legalization; 4. The crisis beyond our borders. Videotaped on November 18, 1989 at the FBI headquarters in Washington, D.C. 440 min. Video/C 1562 pt. 1-pt. 2 (in NRLF)

The Heroin Wars.
Filmed over a 30 year period, this 3 part video examines the ongoing civil war and the burgeoning opium trade in Burma. 1996. 60 min each installment.

Part I: The Opium Convoys. This first segment begins in the 1960s when the Burmese Army seized power in a coup and the Shans began a war of independence. Opium was the Shan farmers' only source of income and the guerillas began to take 10% of the crop as tax and transported it in convoys to Thailand to buy guns. And so a deadly alliance was born. In the 1970s, as part of Richard Nixon's war on drugs, the U.S. joined in an all-out attack on the convoys in union with the Thai police. Lo Hsing-Han, the first "King of Opium" was arrested but the opium trade continued under the second "King of Opium", Khun Sa. Video/C 5296

Part II: Smack City. In Hong Kong opium was sold under a government license until the end of WWII when Britain enforced the UN treaty against narcotics. In the 1960s Hong Kong's suppliers and addicts switched from the relatively innocuous opium to the more addictive heroin because it was easier to smuggle and consume. This film follows the fortunes of one gang which controlled the selling of heroin on one street corner and also follows the Hong Kong police as they raid heroin factories and distribution centers in what appears to be a futile struggle. Video/C 5297

Part III: The Kings of Opium. This third segment returns to the Shans' war for independence led by Khun Sa, the second "King of Opium". In 1993 the Shan People's Republic Committee declared itself no longer part of the union of Burma. Lo Hsing-Han meanwhile joined the government forces and eventually brought Khun Sa to his knees, regaining control once again over the narcotics trade, but this time for the military dictatorship. Today both men are rich and powerful, and the amount of opium produced in Shan State has increased ten-fold, flooding Europe and the United States with cheap heroin. Video/C 5298

Hooked: Illegal Drugs and How They Got That Way
Since the dawn of civilization there has always been a "drug culture." But since the industrial revolution, drug use has changed and society's response to this -- particularly in America -- has been to demonize users and make drugs illegal. This documentary explores the world of illegal drugs, particularly in the U.S. looking at the cycles of social and legal acceptance and rejection of various drugs as their positive effects were recognized, used and overused. Describes the mechanisms by which drugs have been made illegal to use in the United States. 2000. 200 min. DVD 2339

The Last to Know
A documentary about four women of different backgrounds who are similarly dependent upon alcohol or prescribed drugs. Describes the nature of their addiction and how it is possibly perpetuated by the medical establishment and other societal forces. 1983. 45 min. Video/C 541 NRLF #: B 4 175 344

Lines of Blood
A powerful investigation of the drug war which is raging in Colombia. For almost a decade, the United States, backed by other Western countries, has tried to smash the wealthy drug cartels with little success. Coca growing has increased while murder and terrorism have become commonplace as drug cartels protect their territory. The film criticizes the rigidity of U.S. policy which pursues the trafficers, while ignoring the domestic social problems that create the demand. Extradition of drug traders to stand trial in the U.S. has led to a blood bath against judges, politicians, and law enforcement agents in Colombia, while the poor people in inner cities of both countries are victimized. 1991. 52 min. Video/C 5042

Marijuana: Weeding Out the hype.
Presents some of the latest facts about marijuana, including trends in the use of the drug, the strength of todays' marijuana, effects of the drug and efforts being made in prevention and treatment. Young people in treatment for marijuana dependence share their stories of how they started using the drug and what led them to seek help. Viewers will also hear from parents who faced their daughters' growing problem of marijuana use. U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Center for Substance Abuse Prevention, 2002. 30 min. Video/C MM1012

Meth: The Great Deceiver.
Drug experts and teenagers provide critical information on the common physical effects of methamphetamine abuse on the individual including paranoia, hallucinations, and heart attacks. Teens who have kicked their meth habit speak candidly of the impact the drug had on their lives. With 22-page activity guide. 1998. 17 min. Video/C 6331

Methamphetamine: From the Streets of San Diego.
Traces the drug's history and uncovers how San Diego became a hub of meth manufacturing, consumption and distribution. Features interviews with a meth "cook", former addicts, law enforcement personnel and drug treatment counselors. c1998. 27 min Video/C MM661

Mothers on Trial.
Examines the issues surrounding the prosecution of pregnant women and mothers in the U.S. who are drug addicts. Debate centers around the issues of jail vs. treatment for substance dependent mothers who take drugs during pregnancy. Includes interviews with women prisoners, recovering women addicts, relatives and medical personnel who care for their drug damaged infants. c1990. 30 min. Video/C 6794

Plan Colombia: Cashing-in On the Drug War Failure (Guerra anti-drogas o pro-petroleo?)
A 20-year "war on drugs" in Colombia has been paid for by American taxpayers. Still, more and more drugs and narco-dollars are entering the U.S. every year. Is it a failure by Washington? Or is it a smokescreen to secure Colombia's oil and natural resources? 2003. 57 min. DVD 7800

Pregnancy and Substance Abuse
Follows several couples through pregnancy and prenatal care, examining the risks of smoking and fetal alcohol syndrome. 1991. 28 min. Video/C 2506

Rushing, Crashing, Dying
Going beyond the health risks of this increasingly popular drug, recovering meth addicts share their experiences with methamphetamines and the damage done to family relationships, burns and disfigurement from lab explosions, and the problems they face finding work or completing school. Also includes interviews with law enforcement authorities, hospital ER doctors and social workers showing how meth destroys the brain and body of users, how meth lab toxins poison children living in and near the meth labs, and how police, emergency services, and social services are being overwhelmed by the epidemic. c2007. 25 min. DVD 8999

Smokeable Cocaine: The Haight-Ashbury Crack Film
Using animation, computer graphics, and personal interviews with physicians and former addicts at the Haight-Ashbury Drug Detox Clinic in San Francisco, this tape examines the physiological and psychological effects of using crack, a smokeable form of cocaine. 1987. 29 min. Video/C 9926

Crime drama following all aspects of the heroin trade from Pakistan to Western Europe. Tells four intertwined stories of people who's lives are related by their involvement in the drug trade. Docudrama filmed in Britain, Germany, and Pakistan. 1992. 3 videocassettes (360 min.) Video/C 3166 Pt. 1-3

Union Square
A chillingly accurate and powerful documentary portrait of seven young homeless heroin addicts in Union Square in New York City, revealing what they will do to maintain a habit that keeps them trapped in a vicious cycle. 2003. 90 min. DVD 3680

The War Against the War on Drugs.
Allies in the movement against drug prohibition thoughtfully speak their minds examining why outlawing drugs has failed; the virtues and pitfalls of harm-reduction programs; the detrimental effects of the drug war on the law enforcement profession and on civil rights, which are often violated in searches for evidence; and the potential merits and possible drawbacks of legalization and government regulation of drugs. Originally produced for the television program Witness. c2000. 45 min. Video/C 7167

Where Meth Goes Violence and Destruction Follow.
This video explores the Methamphetamine crisis in California and its high cost to society, examining the violence, child abuse, and social damage to individuals and families caused by the use of this drug. Also looks at the environmental impact of the production of Methamphetamine. With 22-page Activity guide for group leaders. 1998. 17 min. Video/C 6330

Who is the American Connection?
Two former agents of the U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration tell of coverups and corruption within the Administration when they worked undercover from the 1960s through 1974. In attempting to stop the narcotics traffic in the U.S. their inside knowledge of the corruption within the Administration ultimately threatened their lives and led to their resignations. Interview originally televised in 1957. 86 min. Video/C 6132

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Almost Home.
Offers a raw and unsentimental look at the lives of children in a homeless shelter in the Bronx. Narrated by the children themselves, this is an evocative portrait of poverty and youth. 1996. 25 min. Video/C 4543

Broken Doors
Broken doors follows Rico and Starr, a young, homeless couple who live on the streets of Hollywood. In a town of dreamers and fantasy-makers, Rico and Starr are just trying to survive. Everyday is a struggle to find the basics: food, shelter, and, most importantly, a sense of peace and dignity. Barely able to take care of themselves, their lives become even more complicated when Starr discovers that she is pregnant. Directed by Goro Toshima. 2010. 34 min. DVD X7082

Bum's Paradise
Tells the stories and shows the extraordinary creativity of a group of homeless men and women, before and after their eviction from the community they built in the Albany Landfill in the San Francisco Bay. The film emphasizes their concepts of community as well as the amazing art they created. A film by Tomas McCabe; directed by Tomas McCabe and Andrei Rozen. 2003. 53 min. DVD 1988

Chelsea, Cobra, and the Infamous Bones
A gritty in-depth study of three street survivors in Berkeley, California. Sometimes heartbreaking, sometimes funny, the film follows them from 1992 to the present. With a close-up and personal view of street life at its most intense, this documentary traces them through periods in jail, several of Cobra's twenty seven surgeries for brain cancer, documenting his paintings and occasional violent rages. The film also records Bones' attempts to stop drinking, his sometimes beautiful music and his stormy on-again, off-again relationship with Chelsea, a forty-year-old street survivor. Director, editor and cinematographer, Claire Burch. 2002. 117 min. Video/C 9203

Dark Days

Social Problem

A social problem is an unwanted situation that occurs in a society affecting a significant number of people and the community. The cause of social problems is by factors that are beyond society’s control thereby creating confusion of what is right and wrong, and people believe they should be corrected. Social problems comprise of; sexually transmitted diseases, antisocial behavior, poverty, crime, murder, drug abuse, sexual assault, alcoholism, bullying, rape, climate change, child labor among others.

Social problems arise due to various factors. Sociologists argue that the nature of society through its structure and culture facilitate an environment that promotes thriving of these problems. Firstly, is social change. The alteration of society’s values, a way of life, customs, traditions, and laws due to globalization and need to adopt new ways of life give rise to social problems. Social change elicits this by disturbing the organization of a society thereby creating confusion, rebellion, and resistance. These result in social problems such as hate crimes, murder, discrimination, child abuse, bullying, and drug abuse. For example, the move by the United States to recognize and legalize gay marriages brought a new era to people’s rights. However, not all celebrated the move. Some extremists and hate groups have carried out hate crimes, bullying, and murder against the LGBT community to display their displeasure.

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Secondly, the contradiction of social systems whereby a society relies on, favors certain social groups, for instance, the employed and the educated and ignores the unemployed and the uneducated can cause social problems. The uneducated and the unemployed group maybe this way due to the society’s failure to offer them various opportunities due to poverty, neglect or family problems. Consequently, for them to feel accepted and fit in, they engage in socially unacceptable activities such as crime, social unrest, gang related activities and pornography to meet their responsibilities.

Bad cultures also accentuate the occurrence of social problems. Cultural events that gratify sex among the youth causes social problems such as abortion, sexually transmitted diseases, pornography and drug and substance abuse. Additionally, cultures that create no barriers among children and the youth through increasingly busy parents who spend less time guiding and nurturing their offspring create problems. First, moral decay develops as these kids, and young people are left to the mercies of devices such as television, and the internet. Thus, they pick up unwanted social problems such as drug and substance abuse, watching of pornography, experimenting with sex.

Social issues affect the society by causing many repercussions. First, it creates disharmony among the people elicited by suspicion and hostility in cases where issues such as criminal activities, hate crimes, harassment, and rape occur. Secondly, they cause suffering and misery among people. A society full of fear of each other, where some cause harm or hate results in the suffering of the inhabitants. Thirdly, the social problems disadvantage a society, as they do not solve any problems but create others that become foundations of worse issues. Fourthly, they make it impossible to address them. Social problems are not universal to every society and tend to change rapidly. Hence, concentrating on solving one is difficult as others arise and cause more harm than the previous one.

Social problems can be solved by first, identifying the root causes of these problems. For example, watching of pornography, abortions and drug abuse among the youths may be due to lack of guidance and counseling. Therefore, programs aimed at creating awareness and educating the youths on these social problems can be created. Secondly, the creation of social support systems such as healthcare, rehabilitation, and employment services to solve alcoholism, drug abuse, and criminal activities.

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